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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 5867-5871

A general overview of mucocele of appendix


Consultant Surgeon, Private Clinic, Katara, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mahendra Pratap Singh
CS-23, Sector-5, Global Park City Katara Hills, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh - 462043
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1547_20

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Mucocele of the appendix is a very rare disease entity that often discovered incidentally during surgery. It can result from both non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions and histopathological examination is needed for confirmation. Failure to make an early preoperative diagnosis may results in its rapture and spillage of mucin contents into the peritoneal cavity leading to a disastrous complication of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) that has a very bad prognosis. A clear pathological terminology and management strategies of appendiceal mucocele (AM) is lacking. This literature review aims to derive detailed information related to clinical significance of AM to avoid complication of PMP and plan appropriately during surgery according to the current evidence. The relevant articles from scientific databases such as Medline, PubMed, Google Scholar were searched and extracted using the keywords “mucocele appendix” “cystadenoma&%#8221;. Data based on epidemiology, clinical manifestations, complications, pathology, diagnostic work up and management were analyzed and summarized. A meticulous surgical excision is the mainstay of treatment and open surgical approach is still preferred over laparoscopy. Preoperative diagnosis of AM is very imperative as it may harbour neoplasm and can be made utilising the imaging tools like computed tomography and ultrasonography. Primary care physicians can have a crucial role in making early detection and timely referral for appropriate management in order to avoid complications. After appendectomy, 5-year survival rate for the simple AM is 91%-100% but it reduces to 25% for the malignant AM.


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