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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 5334-5338

Phobia among residents in board training programs in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2019


1 Family Medicine Resident (PYG3), Joint Program of Family Medicine, Abha, Saudi Arabia
2 Family Medicine Consultant, Joint Program of Family Medicine, Abha, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
5 College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hassan Zaher M ALQarni
Family Medicine (PYG3), Joint Program of Family Medicine Abha
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_855_20

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Background: Phobia is an extreme form of anxiety or fear which is triggered by a given situation or object or even danger associated with a situation or object for more than 6 months. There are three main forms of phobia: social phobia (social anxiety disorder), specific phobia, or agoraphobia. Agoraphobia is a form of anxiety disorder where one fears and avoids situations or places that might cause them to panic. The main purpose of this study is to investigate phobia among residents in broad training programs in Abha city and compare phobia between residents in broad training programs and general practitioners in Abha city. Methods: It is a cross-sectional study. The study was conducted in Abha city of Saudi Arabia from December 2019 to March 2020. It included a representative sample of medical doctors under broad training programs and general practitioners (none trained) in all the health-care centers. A link for the survey questionnaires was created and shared with the respondents. The questionnaire included sociodemographics of the participants, the Kutcher Generalized Social Anxiety Disorder Scale, and the Psychometric Properties and Clinical Utility of the Specific Phobia Questionnaire in an Anxiety Disorders Sample for specific phobia. Results: The study included 300 physicians. Majority of them (81%) were in the age group between 25 and 30 years. Males represent 54% of them. There was no statistically significant difference between resident physicians and general practitioners regarding the avoidance of different social situations. Conclusion: Overall, the residents in board training programs in Abha city expressed lower levels of discomfort, anxiety, distress, avoidance, fear, and life interference of some social and specific situations compared to general practitioners.


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