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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 5288-5294

Tobacco exposure is a menace among women: – A cross-sectional study in a rural area of West Bengal, India

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Akanksha Yadav
Post Graduate Trainee, Department of PSM, AIIHPH, 110 CR Avenue, Kolkata, West Bengal 700 073
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_649_20

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Context: In India, despite implementation of the strategies under National Tobacco Control Programme [NTCP], women are easily exposed to tobacco consumption that is smokeless (SLT) and smoking tobacco along with second-hand smoke [SHS], making them highly susceptible to tobacco hazards. Aims: This study aimed to assess the exposure of women to tobacco use and SHS at home and to elicit predictors of tobacco exposure in a rural community of West Bengal. Methodology: A community based, cross-sectional study was conducted among 176 women aged 18 years and above. Data was collected by cluster sampling technique (16*11) using predesigned pretested structured schedule. Tobacco exposure was measured using a composite score including tobacco consumption and SHS at home. Results: Tobacco use (SLT and smoking tobacco) was significantly associated with educational attainment [AOR = 2.12], occupation [AOR = 2.13] and knowledge [AOR = 1.22]. There was significant association between SHS at home with knowledge [AOR = 1.16] and attitude of the study subjects. [AOR = 1.93]. Overall tobacco exposure (SLT, smoking tobacco, and SHS), was found to be 79.5%. Significant association was found between high tobacco exposure with age group [AOR = 3.82], educational attainment [AOR = 1.74] and knowledge regarding hazards of tobacco [AOR = 1.31]. Conclusion: Prevalence of SLT use as well as exposure of women to SHS at home is unexpectedly high in the study population. Women specific information and education campaigns focusing on tobacco hazards (both tobacco use and SHS) through existing primary health care infrastructure should be strategized under NTCP.

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