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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 5205-5211

Adherence to iron and folic acid supplementation among antenatal mothers attending a tertiary care center, Puducherry: A mixed-methods study

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, JIPMER, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. R Jayalakshmy
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, JIPMER, Gorimedu, Puducherry - 605 006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_721_20

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Background: Iron-deficiency anemia in pregnancy is a major public health problem despite the efforts taken by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare for the past five decades. Adherence to iron and folic acid supplementation (IFAS) is the key factor for the prevention and management of nutrition anemia. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the adherence to its associated factors and to explore the reasons for the non-adherenc among pregnant women attending a tertiary care center. Materials and Methods: It is an explanatory mixed-methods design (quantitative cross-sectional analytical design and qualitative descriptive design). Statistical Analysis Used: Results presented as proportion with 95% confidence interval (CI). Chi-square test was done to assess the association of the factors to adherence. Qualitative data were transcribed verbatim, translated to English, and analyzed by manual content analysis. Results: A total of 340 pregnant women were included, and the adherence to IFAS among the antenatal mothers was 63.8 (95% CI [58.61–68.6]). The factors associated with adherence to IFAS (prevalence ratio with 95% CI) were primigravida status [1.22 [1.02–1.45]), nonanemic in the first trimester (1.27 [1.09–1.49]), and absence of side effects (3.16 [1.95–5.12]). Conceptual framework was constructed using the emerging themes: (i) knowledge-related factors, (ii) behavior-related factors, and (iii) facilitating factors. Conclusion: About three-fourth of the participants were adherent to IFAS. Compliance is directly influenced by the gravida status, anemic status, and absence of side effects. Based on qualitative results, measures to improve palatability and the quality of IFAS are recommended.

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