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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 5171-5176

Aspects of working with female sex workers: Perspectives of NGOs implementing targeted intervention projects in HIV/AIDS

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Teerthankar Mahaveer Medical College, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 National Programme Officer, Maternal Health, Norway India Partnership Initiative, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amandeep K Ratta
National Programme Officer, Maternal Health, Norway India Partnership Initiative, IPE Global House, B-84, Defence Colony, New Delhi - 110 024
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_858_20

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Context: HIV continues to be a major global public health issue. Links between sex work and HIV vulnerability have been recognized since the earliest days of the epidemic. Targeted Interventions (TIs) are aimed at offering prevention and care services to high risk populations within communities. Present research is an endeavor to grasp the different aspects indigenous to NGOs implementing TI projects. Aim: To understand the perspectives of NGOs implementing TIs projects for prevention of HIV/AIDS in Female Sex Workers. Settings and Design: A cross sectional qualitative study. Methods and Materials: Six NGOs registered with District AIDS Control Society, working for implementation of TIs projects for FSWs in a Metropolitan City were studied. Statistical Analysis: Data was analysed with SPSS version 20. Results: Rapid turnover of ORWs is major constraint faced by project managers in recruitment of ORWs. In PEs' recruitment, availability of candidates is major constraint. Stigma related to STI clinic and interference of key stakeholders are the major barriers preventing service utilization by FSWs. Client's dislike for using condom is one of the major barriers in condom utilization by FSWs. Conclusion: The realistic problems, constraints experienced by the programme managers became evident during the study. Integration of programs into the existing system and interventions should be tailor-made to local needs. Here lies the opportunity of 'Operational Research' for the institute like NACO to have the practical insights from TI projects.

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