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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 5158-5164

Knowledge and awareness of folic acid usage in Saudi pregnant women in Riyadh city from 2019-2020

1 Family Medicine, King Fahd Medical City Academy for Postgraduate Studies in Family Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospitals, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shuaa AlDuraibi
Family Medicine, King Fahd Medical City Academy for Postgraduate Studies in Family Medicine, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_638_20

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Background: Folic acid (FA) supplementation is an important intervention to avoid nutritional deficiencies during pregnancy and later on will have an effect on mother and fetus. Inadequate dietary intake will lead to nutritional deficiency which further requires to depend on supplementation. FA is one of the vital nutrients which is mandatory for improving pregnancy outcomes. Previous studies have documented the pregnant women who know about supplementation of FA but not consuming during pregnancy will lead to complications in their neonates. This study aimed to inspect the knowledge and awareness about supplementation of FA in Saudi pregnant women and to compare present study results with other prior studies carried out in the Saudi population. Methods: In this study, we have opted 406 Saudi pregnant women with the age range of 18–65 years of age through questionnaire-based research, was further assessed for FA supplementation usage during the pregnancy. Involved pregnant women have filled questionnaire and signed the consent form. Results: The results of this study showed 38% of women were pregnant during 31–40 years of the age range. Almost 96% of pregnant women have awareness about FA supplementation during pregnancies, and 5.9% of women had histories for not using FA supplementation and had abnormal offspring. The current study questionnaire survey confirms 55.7% of pregnant women have information about FA supplementations. Nearly 89% of women have used FA in their previous pregnancies. Conclusion: Saudi pregnant women has good knowledge and awareness about the usage of FA supplementation during pregnancy. Limited efforts should be implemented national wide in all the hospitals and clinics to improve the awareness about maternal nutrition during pregnancy. Nutritional counselling should be conducted in remote areas to get a perception in Saudi Arabia.

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