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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 5142-5147

Impact of lockdown to control over Novel Coronavirus and COVID-19 in India


F. A. A. Government P.G. College, Mahmudabad, Sitapur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Avadhesh Kumar Yadav
F. A. A. Government P.G. College, Mahmudabad, Sitapur - 261203, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_692_20

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Background: The world is going through a pandemic caused by newly emerged “Novel Coronavirus,” which was originated from Wuhan, China in December 2019. This pandemic caused havoc in the world. So far, more than 200 countries have been affected by Novel Coronavirus. India is also not untouched by this outbreak. The corona virus transmits through droplets, contact, and fomites in human and become a chain transmission by human to human. SARS-CoV-2 spread worldwide by air transport, and it is also reaches to local and small societies or villages by domestic transport through the travelers. Methods: In this study, data are accessed from Ministry of Health and Family Affaires, Ministry of Home affairs, Ministry of Transport, Government of India, World health organization, and www.worldometers.info. The accessed data are analyzed by origin 6.1 software. Results: In India, till April 8, 2020, 5274 people were found infected with COVID-19, out of which 410 were recovered, and the remaining 149 died. The infection of SARS-CoV-2 reaches to several places by international and domestic through human travelers. To avoid local and community transmission in India, it was decided for complete lockdown of 21 days from March 25, 2020 in country to prevent mass gathering and promote social distancing. Further, the lockdown was extended to May 3, 2020. The decision of lockdown has been successful in getting control of COVID-19 in India so far. Conclusions: The effective measure of lockdown to control COVID-19 was found to be very successful in India and it can be apply by other countries to control the COVID-19.


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