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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 2933-2936

Profile of newly diagnosed adult patients with rheumatic heart disease in sub-Himalayan region – A 5-year analysis

1 Department of General Medicine, AIIMS, Rishkesh, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Emergency Medicine, AIIMS, Rishkesh, Uttarakhand, India
3 Department of Paediatrics, AIIMS, Rishkesh, Uttarakhand, India
4 Department of General Medicine, HIHT, Jolly Grant, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nidhi Kaeley
Department of Emergency Medicine, AIIMS Rishkesh, Uttarakhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_363_19

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Introduction: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is one of the leading acquired causes of cardiac diseases affecting the young population, worldwide. Aims and Objectives: The primary objective was to study the prevalence, profile, and complications of patients with RHD in a tertiary care hospital of Uttarakhand. The secondary objective was to assess the demographic and clinical parameters of patients with RHDs. Materials and Methods: All adult patients above the age of 18 years, diagnosed with RHD, over a period of 5 years from July 2008 to June 2013 were enrolled in the study. Detailed clinical data of the patients were obtained retrospectively from the hospital record section. Information regarding prevalence of RHD, profile, and complications of patients with RHD was collected from patient's case sheet and tabulated. Results: In all, 1001 patients age more than 18 years with RHD presented to either medical or cardiology outpatient departments over a period of 5 years from July 11 to June 2018. Mitral regurgitation (n = 610, 61.9%) was the most common RHD. Females (n = 538, 53%) outnumbered males (n = 464, 46.2%). Heart failure (n = 353, 35.1%), severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (n = 118, 11.7%), and atrial fibrillation (n = 212, 21.1%) were common complications. A total of 75 (7.4%) patients presented with bacterial endocarditis, whereas 32 (3.2%) patients succumbed to death due to RHD.

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