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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 2768-2773

A comparative review of the outcomes of using arterial versus venous conduits in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

1 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammad Rafati Navaei
Departments of Cardiovascular Surgery and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_367_19

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Nowadays one of the most frequent reasons of death in the world is coronary artery disease. CABG is a portion of a common revascularization mediation that is done to supervise CAD by applying vessels that are grafted to revascularize vessels distal from the blockage. Different sources of grafts are included veins (specifically saphenous) and arteries (include mammary and radial arteries). Multiple conduits are used to this end, but the most suitable is left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) as a golden standard. Saphenous vein grafts were the guiding approach applied by the vast majority of cardiac surgeons in the 1970s, even though all approaches were supported by doctors. Although the radial artery graft was introduced simultaneously, this approach due to its complications was not as prevalent. This article is aimed to define the pros and cons of applying each kind of grafts according to the results furnished by existent studies. It has also examined the benefits provided by total arterial coronary artery bypass graft against CABG including venous graft for patients with CAD from the perspective of surgeons.

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