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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 2676-2680

An analysis of the use of antimicrobial agents in outdoor patients of ophthalmology

1 B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
3 M and J Institute of Ophthalmology, Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Drashti Rakeshkumar Patel
7, Rajhans Society, Panch Amba, Dharoi Colony Road, Visnagar - 384 315, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_436_19

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Objectives: The study was aimed to analyze commonly used antimicrobials in outdoor patients of ophthalmology department. Materials and Methods: The study was an observational, cross-sectional study carried out in the Department of Pharmacology and Ophthalmology after approval from the head of departments and Institutional Ethics Committee. All the patients age 18 years and above who were prescribed antimicrobials and gave consent were included in study. Data were recorded in a case study form containing relevant patient information and results of general, ocular, and special examinations along with the details of antimicrobials prescribed. Data were analyzed according to the World Health Organization/International Network for Rational Use of Drugs indicators and appropriate statistical tests. Results: A total of 900 patients who were prescribed antimicrobial agents (AMAs) were included in the study. The most common chief complaint was diminution of vision (25.78%). The most common indication of use of AMAs was for treating ocular infections (50.22%). The most commonly prescribed antimicrobial group was fluoroquinolone (FQ) (63.8%) and the most common drug was moxifloxacin (35.95%). The most common dosage form of AMAs was eye drops (68.55%). The average number of drugs per encounter was 4.41. The percentage of encounters with injectables prescribed was 0.67%. The percentage of use of antibiotics was 100%. The percentage of total drugs and AMAs prescribed by generic name was 41.5 and 11.92, respectively. The percentage of antimicrobial drugs prescribed from essential drugs list was 34.24%. The mean duration of antimicrobial therapy was 7.2 ± 4.54 days. Conclusion: More than half of the patients are prescribed multiple AMAs. Moxifloxacin, a newer generation FQ , was the most commonly prescribed AMA in our study. Educational interventions and strict adherence to hospital antimicrobial use policy are needed to restrict the use of AMAs and increase rational prescribing.

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