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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 2517-2521

Bedside sonography by medicine residents in critically Ill patients: A retrospective study from a teaching hospital in India

1 Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
4 Department of Radiology, Faculty of Radiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Arvind Kumar
3094A, Teaching Block, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_379_19

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Context: Ultrasonography has become the frontline diagnostic tool for emergency care because of its non-invasive nature and the feasibility to perform repeated quick assessments in sick patients. The effectiveness of this modality, when used by trainee doctors to take clinically important decisions in patients requiring emergency care, is not much explored. In this pilot study, we analyzed whether use of this technology by Medicine resident doctors can help in better decision making in acutely and critical ill patients.Setting and Design: This is a retrospective study conducted in the Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Methods and Materials: The study was conducted using patient data collected from acutely ill and critical care patients, who underwent bedside ultrasonography from August 2017 to August 2018. In all cases, resident doctor's finding had been assessed by an experienced operator before a treatment decision was made. Statistical Analysis Used: Continuous variables with normal distribution were computed using t test. Ordinal variables and variables following non-normal distribution were analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Results: Thirty-two patients were recruited. There was agreement on 78% (25/32) ultrasound records between the trainee and the experienced operator. Among patients evaluated for shock, agreement reached 83% (15/18). Among patients who underwent transthoracic echocardiography, agreement was 66.7% (4/6). Among patients who underwent lung ultrasound, agreement was 70% (7/10). In both the patients in whom abdominal ultrasound was done, final inferences were consistent between the residents and experts. Conclusions: The results show that in majority of critically ill patients, Medicine residents made sonographic observations correctly and took clinically precise sonography guided decisions on par with expert sonologists even with minimal training and ultrasound exposure.

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