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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 2212-2217

A pilot point prevalence study of antimicrobial drugs in indoor patients of a teaching hospital in Central India

Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ahmad Najmi
Department of Pharmacology, 3rd Floor AIIMS Medical College, Saket Nagar, Bhopal - 462 020, Madhya Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_430_19

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Aim: To evaluate the point prevalence of antimicrobial drug use by using point prevalence survey method. Methodology: A cross-sectional point prevalence study was done on patients admitted in AIIMS Bhopal hospital. This study included all inpatients receiving an antimicrobial that were on the ward at 8 AM on a specific day in May 2018. Information regarding age, gender, occupation, income group, diagnosis, patient's present/past medical history, treatment, any adverse drug reactions, and investigations are recorded in a pro forma. Results: A total of 77 patients (31.95%) were included out of total 241 patients who received at least one antimicrobial. Of patients who received at least one antimicrobial, diagnosis was mentioned in 83.11% of prescriptions. Targeted treatment was given to 10.38% of patients. Reasons for antimicrobial were recorded in 12.98% of patients. Most common healthcare infection recorded was catheter-associated urinary tract infections followed by postoperative surgical site infections. Penicillin with beta lactamase inhibitors was most commonly prescribed antibiotic group followed by third generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones. Stop or review date was recorded in 19.48% of patients. Parenteral administration was given to 30.55% of patients. Compliance to guidelines was followed in 64.11% of patients. Local antibiotic guideline and antibiogram were available in hospital. Biomarkers were utilized in 9.77% of patients to guide the choice of therapy. Conclusion: Availability of antibiotic policy, antibiogram, local antibiotic guidelines, drugs, and therapeutic committee were some of the encouraging findings. Diagnosis was mentioned in majority of prescriptions. Most patients were prescribed oral antimicrobial drugs, which can reduce complications with parenteral route. Underutilizations of microbiological facilities, prolonged use of antibiotics for surgical prophylaxis, and polypharmacy were areas of concern.

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