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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2101-2105

A cross-sectional study to screen community health volunteers for hip/knee-osteoarthritis and osteoporosis

1 Department of Community Medicine, Hinduhridaysamrat Balasaheb Thackeray Medical College and Dr. Rustom Narsi Cooper Municipal General Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, King Edward Memorial Hospital and Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rujuta S Hadaye
Department of Community Medicine, Library Building-3rd Floor, Seth GSMC and KEM Hospital, Acharya Dhonde Marg, Parel, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_261_19

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Context: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease mainly affecting hip and knee joints, and osteoporosis is characterized by diminution of bone mass. Both these diseases have a substantial economic impact on society. Community health volunteers (CHVs) being peripheral health workers are prone to such diseases owing to their sociodemographic and occupational profile. Aim: This study was conducted to estimate the proportion of hip/knee OA and osteoporosis among CHVs and understand determinants of their current bone health status. Materials and Methods: Screening for OA was done using a tool adopted from a previous study after obtaining due permissions. Weight, height, blood pressure, and bone mineral density of all participants were recorded. Statistical tests such as Chi-square and multiple logistic regression were used for analysis of data. Results: Out of 80 participants, 50 (62.5%) had increased body mass index (overweight + obese), 10 (12.5%) were hypertensive, 14 (17.5%) CHVs screened positive for hip OA, and 29 (36.3%) were positive for knee OA. Hip OA was associated with advancing age, parity, and obesity. Knee OA was associated with age and exercise. In total, 16.3% subjects were found to have osteoporosis and 61.2% had osteopenia. Conclusions: This study showed that a remarkable proportion of CHVs had bone and joint problems. CHVs must, therefore, receive preventive measures such as health education and screening for these diseases.

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