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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 1232-1234

Increased household exposure to respiratory pathogens in HIV exposed uninfected children due to maternal HIV

School of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) - Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Sangeeta D Bhattacharya
School of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) - Kharagpur, Kharagpur - 721 302, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_111_19

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Little is known about household exposures to respiratory pathogens in HIV-exposed uninfected children (HEU) in Indian families. This case series investigates the nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, and respiratory viruses at multiple points in three mother child pairs: (1) an HIV-infected child and mother, (2) an HEU child and HIV-infected mother, and (3) an HIV-unexposed uninfected (HUU) child and mother. Nasopharyngeal carriage densities of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus were higher in mothers and children living in HIV-affected households, regardless of the child's HIV status. Maternal HIV and ART status impact these household exposures.

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