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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 1145-1150

Addressing research barriers and facilitators in medical residency

1 Department of Academic Affairs-Medical Affairs, Tawam Hospital-Johns Hopkins Medicine, USA Affiliate and College of Medicine, UAE University, Alain, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
3 Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, Alain, United Arab Emirates
4 Department of Internal Medicine, Alain Hospital, Alain, United Arab Emirates
5 Department of Community Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Satish Chandrasekhar Nair
Department of Academic Affairs-Medical Affairs, Tawam Hospital-Johns Hopkins Medicine, USA Affiliate, Post Box 15258, Alain
United Arab Emirates
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_38_19

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Objective: To develop and implement an instrument to identify contributing factors and obstacles to resident research participation. Materials and Methods: Clinical Research Excellence Development in Innovation and Technology (CREDIT-20), a 20-point questionnaire, was developed through a four-stage methodology to measure opportunities and challenges to enhance participation of medical residents in research. The study was distributed to all medical residents at three Joint Commission–accredited academic medical centers in the emirate of Abu Dhabi between March 2017 and July 2018. Participant responses were analyzed and represented as mean ± standard error of mean, and subgroup analysis was conducted using Fisher's exact test. Results: In all, 314 of 380 residents completed the survey (83% response rate). Resident interest in research was high, with the majority of trainees responding that research will enhance their critical thinking (93%) and add to their knowledge of medicine (92%). Lack of protected time and lack of research methodology training were the most significant barriers. Over half of the residents cited the lack of a dedicated research budget as a program organization challenge. Age significantly correlated with resident perceptions of the benefits for conducting research, with trainees age 27 years or less indicating that they would be more likely to benefit from conducting research than their older counterparts (164 vs 128, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Improving research methodology training and dedicating structured-protected time for the scholarship are strategies to increase research output in international academic medical centers. The CREDIT-20 survey can identify specific barriers faced by trainees and assist medical educational leaders in implementing targeted interventions.

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