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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 1129-1133

A time–motion analysis of the mothers staying in the neonatal care unit

1 Department of Pediatrics, Shree Krishna Hospital, Pramukhswami Medical College, Anand, Gujarat, India
2 Central Research Services, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Anand, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Pediatrics, Shree Krishna Hospital, Pramukhswami Medical College; Central Research Services, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Anand, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Dipen V Patel
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Shree Krishna Hospital, Karamsad, Anand - 388 325, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_348_18

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Context: In addition to various barriers studied for kangaroo mother care (KMC), time opportunities for better implementation of KMC need to be studied. Aim: Time–motion analysis of the mother's daily activities was carried out to identify scope to improve KMC. Settings and Design: This is a 24-h recall-based questionnaire study. Mothers were interviewed whose newborns were admitted at a tertiary and secondary care neonatal care unit of western India over a period of 9 months from November 2015 to July 2016. Materials and Methods: Mothers were approached when the preterm neonate and mother dyad was eligible for KMC, that is, when mothers were physically healthy and newborns were physiologically stable. A total of 60 mothers were enrolled in the study. Mothers' daily activities were noted, and time spent in each activity was charted for 3 consecutive days. Missed time opportunities which could be used to increase daily KMC hours were studied. Statistical Analysis Used: To compare quantitative variables, two-sample unpaired t-test and one-way analysis of variance were used. Results: The average time of activities which consumed most was 8.24 h for sleep/rest, 3.46 h for meals/snacks, 4.89 h for breastfeeding, and a daily average of only 1.4 h was used for KMC. A quite a significant proportion, that is, 3.89 h, was spent for meeting relatives which could be used for KMC as well without affecting social meetings. Conclusion: Time–motion analysis was helpful to find out weak links in KMC implementation. Providing family-centered environment in terms of implementing KMC during meeting hours with family may augment KMC hours.

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