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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 1090-1097

Young, obese, and underweight patients show up inadequately at scheduled appointments: Findings from a record-based study on diabetic, hypertensive diabetic, and hypertensive patients attending a primary care clinic of Puducherry

1 Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anindo Majumdar
Department of Community and Family Medicine, Second Floor, Room No. 16, Medical College Building, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Saket Nagar, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_387_18

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Background: One key barrier to proper management of common cardio-metabolic conditions such as diabetes and hypertension in primary care is inadequate adherence to treatment, which, in many cases, results from inadequate follow-up at scheduled appointments. In addition to provider and health system level factors, individual patient level factors are also associated with attendance at follow-up appointments. Objective: To document the association of diabetic, hypertensive diabetic, and hypertensive patient's demographic and clinical factors with showing up inadequately at scheduled appointments. Methods: A record-based retrospective follow-up study was conducted in an urban primary health center of Puducherry from January to March 2015. Registered diabetic, hypertensive diabetic, and hypertensive patients who made at least one visit between July and December 2014 were included. Data on demographic factors, clinical factors, and dates of visits to the clinic were collected from case records of patients and were entered in EpiData entry version 3.1. Analysis was performed using R statistical package. Results: Out of 366 patients, 79% were females and 70.2% were aged >50 years. It was found that 183 (50%) were diabetic, 266 (72.7%) were hypertensive, and 115 (31.4%) were hypertensive diabetic. Out of 366 patients, all the five follow-up visits were attended by 185 (50.6%) patients, and “adequate follow-up” was found in 123 (33.6%) patients. Young, underweight, and obese patients were more likely to have inadequate follow-up. Conclusion: Family physicians should give special attention to these groups in their routine practice along with providing targeted health education and implementing full proof mechanisms to track them.

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