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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 203-208

Epidemiology of obesity and its related morbidities among rural population attending a primary health centre of Odisha, India

1 Scientist-D, ICMR-RMRC, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Technical Assistant Nursing, ICMR-RMRC, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Statistical Assistant, ICMR-RMRC, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
4 Medical Officer, CHC Botalama, Odisha, India
5 Director and Scientist-G, ICMR-RMRC, Bhubaneswar, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Subrata Kumar Palo
Regional Medical Research Center-Indian Council of Medical Research (RMRC-ICMR), Chandrasekhar Pur, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_255_18

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Context: Overweight and obesity has become a major contributor to global burden of chronic diseases and disability. Obesity among rural India is emerging as a major health problem because of change in lifestyle and food habits, thereby increases the risk of multiple morbid conditions among rural population. Aims: This study aims to find out the association of overweight/obesity with different socio-demographic factors and explore the co-morbidities among overweight and obese in a rural setting. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was done in a randomly selected primary health centre of Khurda district, Odisha for 4 months. Materials and Methods: This study was done among 183 patients aged >20 years with BMI >25 kg/m2 after taking their consent. Anthropometric measurements were done and data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics such as proportion, mean and standard deviation were calculated and inferential statistics such as Chi-square test, univariate and multivariate regression was done using the SPSS version 20.0. Results: Mean age of participants was 45.7 (±13.8) years. About 93.4% were Grade II obese while 51.9% were at risk according to their waist–hip ratio. Around 53.6% of participants had multi-morbidity. Age, occupation and number of children were significantly associated with obesity. Morbidity was significantly associated with age, occupation, marital status and number of children. Increased grade in obesity the more is the probability of having morbidity. Conclusions: There is an urgent need to screen for obesity at rural health facility and early management for prevention from co-morbidities.

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