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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 4027-4031

Study of association of serum uric acid with albuminuria and carotid atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients

1 Department of Medicine, PGIMER and DR. RML Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Nephrology, Army Research and Referral Hospital, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Medicine, Haryana Mulitispecility Hospital, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Subodh Kumar Mahto
Department of Medicine, PGIMER, Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi - 110001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_777_19

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Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders of disturbance of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism causing macrovascular (like coronary artery disease) and microvascular (kidney damage) complications. Microalbuminuria is the first manifestation of injury to glomerular filtration barrier and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) of common carotid artery serves as an excellent marker for early lesion of atherosclerosis. Method: A cross-sectional observational study was carried out over a period of 1.5 years in PGIMER, DR. RML Hospital, New Delhi. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, aged between 35 and 60 years, were investigated for uric acid (UA), urine albumin levels, and common carotid IMT during this period. Patients on drugs that affect serum UA level, patients with acute illness, patients with serum creatinine >1.5 mg/dL, or with coronary artery disease were excluded from study. Result: Prevalence of hyperuricemia was found to be high (46%) in type 2 diabetic patients. It was also higher in females (73.7%) than males (25.8%). There was positive correlation between serum UA concentrations with logarithm of urine albumin excretion (P < 0.023) and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) (P < 0.027). Plaque index also showed a positive correlation with UA (P < 0.019). However, there was no positive correlation with UA and other variable such as age, duration of diabetes, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, HbA1c, lipid profiles, urea, and creatinine. Conclusion: Serum UA concentration thus serves as an early marker of renal dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases in type 2 diabetic patients.

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