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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 3789-3797

Management of multiple traumas in emergency medicine department: A review

1 Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amin Saberinia
Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_774_19

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One of the main causes of adults' disability during their working age is multiple trauma. The process of medical care of patients who are injured seriously is still a challenging job. The primary treatment of these patients in the emergency medicine departments is the most required choice after the wilderness first aid and also would be very required before definitive care in the hospital. The main aim of emergency medicine departments is quick recognition and treatment of injuries which pose severe threat to patients' life in appropriate order of priority. The procedure of primary evaluation in emergency medicine department with the help of medical routine examination and ultrasonography is based on the concept of focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) for identifying spontaneous intraperitoneal hemorrhage. Emergency patients who suffer from massive hematothorax, serious lung and heart traumas, and penetrating traumas to the chest would undergo thoracotomy and patients who have few symptoms of perforated hollow viscous will undergo emergency laparotomy. Based on the trauma severity, emergency treatment could be the way to fast recovery of the structure of injured organ and its function. The subsequent goal, in the acute phase, will concentrate on preventing and stopping bleeding and secondary injuries like painful compartment syndrome or intra-abdominal infections (IAIs). However, the main aim of emergency medicine department in taking care of severely injured patients is the management of airway, protecting circulation and breathing, identification of neurologic problems, and whole body clinical examination with the help of healthcare providers.

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