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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 3207-3213

A population-based cross-sectional study to determine the practices of breastfeeding among the lactating mothers of Patiala city

1 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Patiala, Bihar, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
3 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Civil Hospital, Nabha, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. R S Balgir
#08, Sukh Enclave, New Officer's Colony, Patiala, Punjab - 147 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_549_19

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Introduction: The present study was undertaken to study the breastfeeding practices and the influence of literacy and prevailing cultural factors on different aspects of breastfeeding. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted at Badungar, a semi-urban area in Patiala city including a total of 370 mothers. Mothers were interviewed using pre-formed, semi-structured Performa. The participant's demographic information, awareness and practices regarding breastfeeding were recorded by paying house to house visits. Data were analyzed using SPSS ver. 21. Results: Only 27.30% of the mothers knew that breastfeeding should be initiated within 1 hour of birth. A total of 51.62% mothers considered prelacteal feed to be the right practice while 55.95% considered colostrum bad for the baby. Only 53.78% of the lactating mothers knew the correct meaning of exclusive breastfeeding. Only 24.86% mothers started breastfeeding within an hour after birth. Colostrum was not given by 57.29% of the lactating mothers while Prelacteal feeds were given by 50.81% mothers. Exclusive breastfeeding till 6 months was given by 45.67% mothers. A significant association was observed in high mother's education, high socio-economic status, nuclear status of family, history of antenatal care registration, and hospital delivery with exclusive breastfeeding (P < 0.01). Conclusion: Study concluded that breastfeeding practices were not optimum; hence promotion of knowledge regarding the right practices of breastfeeding and focus on the factors affecting them is highly warranted in this area.

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