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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 756-761

Knowledge and attitude of mandatory infectious disease notification among final year medical students

1 Department of Community Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College (Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE)), Melaka, Malaysia
2 Department of Paediatrics, Melaka-Manipal Medical College (Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE)), Melaka, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe
Department of Community Medicine, Melaka.Manipal Medical College, Jalan Batu Hampar, Bukit Baru 75150, Melaka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_300_17

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Background: Disease surveillance is one of the major components to combat against infectious diseases. As health-care professionals are indispensable to mandatory notifiable disease surveillance, their knowledge and attitudes toward infectious disease notification played an important role for timely and effective reporting to the surveillance system. Therefore, we aimed to determine the knowledge of mandatory notifiable infectious diseases in Malaysia and attitude towards infectious disease reporting among final year medical students. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from May to June 2017 in the private medical college in Malaysia. Materials and Methods: We purposively selected the final year (semester 10) medical students and a total of 124 students participated in this study. We collected data using a self-administered, structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, and one-way analysis of variance. Results: Among the final year medical students, 47.5% had moderate knowledge but 4.2% had good knowledge of mandatory infectious disease notification. Only 3.2% of the students correctly answered all the notifiable diseases listed in the questionnaire. Most of the students had positive attitude toward communicable diseases reporting, rewards, and penalty for notification. There was no significant relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and knowledge and attitude of infectious disease notification. Conclusions: The majority of the final year medical students had moderate level of knowledge and positive attitude of infectious disease notification; however, there were some deficiencies. Better instruction and training on infectious disease notification procedures of Malaysia should be provided to the final year medical students which could not only reduce underreporting but also improve timely and effective reporting in future.

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