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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 334-338

Diet and physical activity among women in urban and rural areas in south India: A community based comparative survey

1 Department of Community Health Nursing, K.G. College of Nursing, K.G. Hospital, Coimbatore, India
2 Department of Community Health, College of Nursing, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Biostatistics, College of Nursing, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
Department of Community Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.123782

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Introduction: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as diabetes, hypertension, and heart diseases are increasing in India. There is a clear need to study risk factors for NCDs in various population groups in the country. Materials and Methods: This community based cross-sectional survey was conducted to study the diet and physical activity of women in urban and rural areas in Vellore district. Dietary data was collected using 24-h dietary recall and physical activity was collected using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Sociodemographic variables were collected to assess the risk factors for unfavorable diet and physical activity. Results: The odds of the rural women engaging in high physical activity are 3.61 times greater than urban women (95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.36-5.54). The odds of the urban women consuming a high calorie diet are 1.923 times that of the rural women (95% CI = 1.282-2.857). The odds of the urban women being overweight/obese are 5.555 times than that of the urban women (95% CI = 3.333-10). Women who were housewives and not doing household work were significantly less physically active, took higher calorie diet, and were more overweight and obese compared to women who were involved in active household work. Conclusions: Urban women had unfavorable diet and physical activity levels compared to rural women. They also had higher levels of overweight and obesity. There is a need for targeted NCD prevention interventions among urban women.

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