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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 164-168

A Cross-sectional study of common psychiatric morbidity in children aged 5 to 14 years in an Urban Slum

1 Department of Community Medicine, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Nerul, India
2 PSM, Government Medical College, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatry, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, India
4 Department of Psychiatry, ACPM Medical College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Rakesh N Patil
N 8/C 2/21/1, Near Datta Mandir, New CIDCO, Nashik, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.117413

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Aim: Study of the prevalence of common psychiatric disorders in children aged 5 to 14 years in a health post area of an urban slum. Objectives: (1) To study frequency of specific psychiatric disorders in the study population, (2) To study the relationship between sociodemographic variables and psychiatric morbidity. Settings and Design: The present study was conducted in one of the five health posts of an urban slum, which is a field practice area of the teaching medical institute. It was a cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: Sample size was estimated by using 20% as a prevalence of psychiatric morbidity which was obtained from previous studies done in developing countries. Household was used as a sampling unit and systematic random sampling method was used for selecting household. Total 257 children aged 5 to 14 years were included in the study. A pre-designed, semi-structured diagnostic interview schedule based on DSM-IV criteria was used for data collection. Statistical Analysis Used: The tests of significance used were Chi-square and Logistic regression analysis. Results: The prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in this study was 14.8%. Non-organic enuresis, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Conduct disorder, and Mental retardation were identified as the common mental health problems. Conclusions: Factors like nuclear family, parents not living together, large family size, and positive family history of psychiatric disorder were associated with psychiatric morbidity in children.

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