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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 86-91

Morbidity Profile and Seasonal Variation of Diseases in a Primary Health Center in Kanpur District: A Tool for the Health Planners

1 Department of Community Medicine, AIIMS RISHIKESH, Rishikesh, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, VCSG Government Medical College, Srinagar, Uttrakhand, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, India
4 Department of Pediatrics, PBDSPGIMS, Rohtak, India
5 Department of Biochemistry, PBDSPGIMS, Rohtak, India
6 Consultant Cardiologist, Jaswantrai Hospital, Meerut, UP, India

Correspondence Address:
Bhola Nath
Department of Community Medicine, VCSG Government Medical College, Srinagar, Uttrakhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.104943

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Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the morbidity profile of patients being treated at the Primary Health Center, their distribution according to gender, and the seasonal trend of diseases. Materials and Methods: The study was done retrospectively using secondary data, over a period of 1 year from June 2007 to July 2008, at the OPD of the Primary Health Center at Patara in Kanpur District, India. The study was aimed to study the pattern of diseases according to the classification provided by the Government of India. The data were collected from the OPD registers of the consultant medical officer, and the diagnosis was classified into communicable diseases, nutritional and metabolic disorders, infectious diseases, obstetric complications, and other diseases including injuries. Results: A total of 6838 patients had been treated at the OPD, which included 2707 males and 4131 females. It was observed that, while communicable diseases constituted about half of the total burden of the diseases with skin infections being the commonest; the non-communicable diseases constituted about one-fifth of the total disease burden. Significant gender differences were evident in the prevalence of certain diseases such as worm infestation, acute respiratory tract infection, urinary tract infection, reproductive tract infection, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, gastritis, arthritis/gout, falls/injuries/fractures, anemia, pyrexia of unknown origin, and snake bite. Most of the diseases were observed to have a seasonal variation, with the communicable and infectious diseases peaking in the monsoon months. Surprisingly, the non-communicable diseases such as gastritis and falls and injuries also showed a seasonal variation. Conclusion: Many diseases have a seasonal variation and the burden of these diseases could be reduced if we devise measures to detect the changes in their trend through the implementation of surveillance programs in this part of the world, as has been carried out in other countries. The knowledge of the burden of the diseases would also assist the health administrators in judicious allocation of the resources.

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